The Nissan Leaf (also formatted “LEAF” as a backronym for Leading, Environmentally friendly, Affordable, Family car) is a compact five-door hatchback electric car manufactured by Nissan and introduced in Japan and the United States in December 2010. The US Environmental Protection Agency official range for the 2013 model year Leaf is and rated the Leaf’s combined fuel economy at 115 miles per US gallon gasoline equivalent (). The 2013 Leaf has a range of on the New European Driving Cycle. Deliveries to retail customers began in the United States and Japan in December 2010, followed by various European countries and Canada in 2011, and, , is available in 35 countries. The Leaf is the world’s best selling highway-capable all-electric car ever, with global sales of over 158,000 units through December 2014, with the United States as the leading market with 72,322 units sold, followed by Japan with 48,641 sales, and Europe with 33,481 units. , the European market is led by Norway with over 12,000 new units, and the UK with about 7,200 units delivered. As an all-electric car, the Nissan Leaf produces no tailpipe pollution or greenhouse gas emissions at the point of operation, and contributes to reduced dependence on petroleum. Among other awards and recognition, the Nissan Leaf won the 2010 Green Car Vision Award, the 2011 European Car of the Year, the 2011 World Car of the Year, and the 2011–2012 Car of the Year Japan.